The existing Seabird Monitoring Programme should be expanded to take account of the continuing fisheries.
For all bird species that are globally threatened, endemic to the Falklands, declining, or for which the Falklands are globally important, there is a need to undertake the following:
- determine the finer scale distribution of these species in relation to their habitat requirements;
- determine the causes of historic/current population declines and propose remedial measures;
- identify the nature and adequacy of existing habitat protection and recommend how this could be improved to match the conservation needs of the species.
Research is needed into the breeding biology and population ecology of the southern sealion, which has suffered a major decline in the Falkland Islands
Preliminary surveys to determine the status of the southern elephant seal and the South American fur seal are required.
A broad-scale botanical survey is being carried out, with specific targeted surveys of endemic and restricted range plant species and species believed to be rare in the Falklands. Cataloguing and creating an atlas of flowering plant distribution are in progress.
An identification guide of the main species should be produced. This should then be used in the implementation of a broad-scale invertebrate survey.
A number of endemic, habitat-specific and declining taxa should be selected to act as indicator species and to focus particular attention on their distribution and status. The Table summarizes the status of research at species level.
Updated July 2000